Friday, May 4, 2007

Vikas Samiti, Success Story

Strengthening efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger, through the global partnership for development- The story of vikas samiti path to success through Watershed Development work, SHG (Self help Group)/JLG (Joint Liability Group) & Micro Credit.
Poverty, starvation and social evils are big hurdles in development of undeveloped and developing countries. This has blocked the socio-economic development of the nation
Vikas Samiti was registered on 4th August 1995 as a Non-profit organization and has the objective alleviation of poverty, starvation unemployment; women empowerment and health programmes since 1996.

Watershed Development projects: Vikas Samiti has participated, for watershed development activity, as Project Implementation Agency, under Rajeev Gandhi Mission for Water Shed Development of Chhindwara (M.P.), Through District Rural Development Authority. The project was started on 30th November 1995 at the villages of Chhindwara Block, consisting 3765 Hect. of water shed area. As per the guidelines of Government of India, different activities were undertaken on participatory approach. Samiti has transferred its powers to Village Community on dated 19th April 2002. Now the Village Watershed Committees are continuing the development activities and maintaining the resources.
District Rural Development Authority of Chhindwara (Jila Panchayat) has entrusted another watershed development project to Vikas Samiti, with the capacity of Project Implementation Amarwada, Dist. Chhindwara, M.P. consisting of 5565 Hect. of water shed area of 9 villages. Soil & water conservation, Fodder and Forest development, micro financing to Self Help Groups & Women’s Thrift Group are the main activities, which are being undertaken on participatory approach.
Once again District Rural Development Authority of Chhindwara(Jila Panchayat ) has entrusted third watershed development project to Vikas Samiti, with the capacity of Project Implementation agency, on 11th December 2002, under D.P.A.P. at Block – Bichhua, District Chhindwara M.P. with 1500 Hect. of watershed area of 3 villages.

Partnerships for household and school sanitation, hygiene, water supply projects: Vikas Samiti has undergone as an NGO Partner, on 20th May 2000, with UNICEF Bhopal office in M.P., of their Child’s Environment, Sanitation, Hygiene & Water Supply Project (WATSAN PROJECT) in 287 village of Chhindwara and Bichhua block District, M.P. Watsan project is effectively working and successfully going from 20th May, 2000. Financially assisted by “Department for International Development,” U.K. (DFID), Samiti has developed field level functionaries consisted of Village Motivators, Panchayat Coordinator, Cluster Coordinator, Block Coordinator, Village WATSAN Committee, Parent, Teacher association in all the 287 villages. Training and Orientation programme for motivator. Women Hand Pump caretaker, Hand Pump mechanic, Aanganwadi worker, ANM worker, Panch, Sarpanch, Panchayat Secretary, No. of Watsan Committee and PTA, Nodal Sanitation teacher. Mason, Former, Formation & Orientation of Hygiene Club in primary School, and sensitized about 1,88,800 village population. Activities for Hygiene Promotion, House Hold Sanitation and School Sanitation, Establishment of rural Sanitary Mart, Solid and Liquid Waste Management. Sustainability of Water Facilities un reached project Management have been undertaken through people participation.

Other contributions like Services, Women empowerment, Health, Micro-credit: The Jila Panchayat of District Chhindwara, M.P. has appointed Vikas Samiti on 22nd June 2001, as an agency to form and strengthen the Self Help Group (SHG) in Chhindwara, Amarwara and Bichhua blocks under Swarn Jayanti Swarojgar Yojna up to year 2002 more then 200 groups have been identified and 69 groups have started their income generating activities.
Vikas Samiti has given voluntarily services at Reha village of Gujarat State for the victims of Bhuj Earthquake in January. 2001.
Vikas Samiti has conducted survey at Chhindwara City and submitted report to district Urban Development. Authority, for Pradhan Mantri Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Program. Vikas Samiti has generated public opinion on “Water as Public Property” and submitted report to Government of Madhya Pradesh for preparation of “Jal Niti”. Vikas Samiti has sponsored seminar on “Rural Management” at Bhopal, conducted by Society for Management Studies, Bhopal, M.P.
Apart from this for poverty alleviation and women empowerment under Swarn Jayanti Swarojgar Yojna and Micro Finance scheme. Self help Group (SHG) and Joint liability Groups (JLG) were formed and women were linked to income generating activities, for decreasing the child death rate Vikas samiti undertake Watson Project in Chhindwara and Bichhua Blocks. For preventing spread HIV/AIDS, Vikas Samiti is implementing Targeted intervention project in Seoni District.

Aligning with MDGs: On receiving the honor of special consultative status with ECOSOC in 2006 and thereafter with millennium development goals (MDGs) Serving as guideline for all development work the samiti started programs specifically in tune with (MDGs).
Water table raised, crop flourished, migration of labourers stopped, Employment near the home generated : The village Paunar generated in District of Chhindwara which is a big village spread over 1077 hectares having population of 2616 in the watershed development project no. 4EH8I is being carried out. Watershed project was started from agricultural fields near the hills & plateau by making bolder boundaries and plantations etc. plantation samplings were made available to formers for planting in their fields . Stop Dams were made on village nala. For different activities different users groups were created five self help groups were organized out of which 4 are self help group.

Looking at the water crisis, water shed development project was proposed with villagers participation, Under this programme community sanitary well was constructed. After stopping all flowing rain water from near by hills & plateau, the dried-up hold pumps got recharged and now 5 hand pumps are giving water for 12 to 14 hours every day.
At present due to bursting of pipe line the water supply of village is disturbed. Due to watershed project the ground water level has increase by 3-4 feet even in the private wells of formers mainly Mr. Chhotu,.Bashir Ansari, Jagdish Verma, Antram Verma and many more Mr. Dharmendra Thakur Secretary of Watershed committee has maintained the regular records of rising of ground water level.
The area under cultivation has increased as well as yield per hectare has also increased as per the former Bashir Ansari earlier the yield in his form 5-6 Quintals of wheat which has increased to 12 Quintals per hectare similarly former Chhotu was thanking 10 Quintals Khrif crops which increased to 12 Quintals per hectare. The Kharif cultivation area has increased from 654 to 720 hectares while Rabi crops area has increased from 153 to 189 hectares.

The migration of farm workers has stopped after the watershed development project. Eerier about 300 workers were moving to Narsingpur, Jabalpur etc. for season of work in fields. But now they are getting work in their own village.
In the village, the women’s tailoring training center was started and 38 women have taken training from this center. Few of them are making handicrafts and selling these items in the market. Recently water shed development study group from Orissa visited this village and purchased hand made items from these women worth Rs. One thousand. Other women workers earned Rs. 15000/- out of tailoring jobs. These women have sold their hand made items to local market and made good earnings.
In the village 52 formers and workers are producing vermi-compost, Agriculture development had given them 2 days training and provided them earth warm for vermi compost. Villagers have sold earth wormy worth Rs. 50,000/- and vermin compost worth Rs. 20,000/- Apart from this farmers have used vermin-compost for 50 hectare of their own lands and saved expensive chemical fertilizers.

Watershed Program has changed the thinking of farmers

Prior to watershed management program, farmers and villagers were not inclined towards this program. They were thinking that Govt. will recover the expenses of making water stopping in their farms. They were also worried about the increases in wages of farm workers, Watershed committee started meeting of villagers every month and now villagers are taking interest in the work of watershed programs. One such program has been started in village Chhuadehi spread over 396 hectares and having population of 1176 villagers, in this village ponds were made in the bed of sloppy hillocks connecting them with cantor gali plugs and making water stopping in fields of farmers. Due to these activities ground water level increased as well as yield per hectare also increased . As per the farmers Mr. Shrikesh, Devchand Verma etc. Earlier these was 3-4 feet water in their wells in summer while now these is 6-7 feet, Earlier they were irrigated 2-3 times and now they are irrigating 5-6 times to their wheat crops. Prior to implementation of this project their yield was 9-10 Quintals which is now 10-12 Quintals per hectare. The ploughing area has also increased from 77 hectares to 89 hectares.
Prior to the project these was small shrubby forest and villagers were cutting shrubd for fuel. The watershed committee and Gram-Sabha started taking care of thius forest, Now there are more than 10000 plants having height 10-12 feet plantation of 17000 plants of Nilgiri, Karenja and small bamboo was lone by the committee and responsibility of protecting this plantation was taken over by villagers. At present 80% of plants are from 3-4 feet to 54 feet .

Two saving group of women were formed consisting of 20 women. Their saving is Rs. 1200=00 Watershed committee providede Rs. 10,000=00 Loan to the group Members of the group are running vegetable selling and seed shops. Every member is earning Rs. 500/- extrs per month. One self help group of men also formed in which one member is from schedule caste. The saving of this group is Rs. 5000/- which was given as a loan to members and they are doing purchase – sale activity of food grain making extra earning of Rs. 500/- each every month.

Vikas samiti is involved in poverty elimination activity since year 2000 under Swarn Jayanti Swarojgar Yojna. Under the scheme empowerment of women from poor families by forming their 312 self help group and involving them in income generating activities is done by Vikas Samiti.
In March 2006 in Chhindwara District Vikas Samiti conducted survey of 7000 poor families who were doing small & petty business activities. Money lenders were exploiting these people. Vikas samiti started Micro Finance Scheme. Vikas Samiti formed 210 women JLG(Joint liability Group) In which 5 women one group then after Samiti provided them 8 training program for income generating activities & skill up gradation. By the end of March 2007, in micro credit scheme 173 women got finance at a very low interest rate and started their activities. these women are doing small business of general items, fruits, vegetable, Manihari, hosiery readymade garments selling etc. The loan of Rs. 1069000=00 was given to 173 women. They are earning 2000 to 3000 per month for this activity Care provided technical support to Vikas samiti.

Laxmibai kelabag aged about 37 years was married 19 years before with Snesh kumar kelabag resident of village Newton block Parasia Dist. Chhindwara. Snesh kumar is patient of epilepsy and hence is unable to do any work. Laxmibai has two children, She wanted to educate them but due to husband inability to earn and poverty their schooling was discontinued. The in laws also didn’t help her . Laxmibai was working as farm laborer for her families livelihood, She was unable to get work throughout the year and as such many times.
Her children had to sleep without food. She then along with other four women formed JLG and availed help from small finance scheme. Vikas samiti provided them training for tailoring. After the training Vikas samiti provided them Rs. 7000/- loan under small finance scheme to purchase stitching machine and raw materials per members, Now Laxmibai is earning about Rs. 3000 to 4000 per month . She is regular in paying loan installments. Children of Laxmibai are now going to school and getting food they are happy today.
Presented by :- Vikas Samiti,
188 Panchsheel Nagar Chhindwara 480001
Madhya Pradesh, India

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